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Program 2010

FestivalStoria VI Edition


Heroes or Villains? Protagonists from the past observed from opposite sides
14th-17th October Turin, Saluzzo, Savigliano, Monforte d'Alba


In History leaders, sovereigns, conquerors, religious reformists, statesmen have given rise to contrasting judgments, according to their observers' point of view. Political and military leaders, engaged in great enterprises of land conquests or edification of States or social organizations, whether winners or losers, have given rise to interpretations, or, better still, usage, of a political nature, which have demonized or exalted the figure. If a truth of History exists, and we do believe it does, the evaluation of the ascertained facts and the deeds of individuals, contains a wide margin of subjectivity, which can lead to express opposite judgments. This is true especially regarding figures from the past.
The VI Edition of FestivalStoria will be about them. We have no intention of justifying everything or levelling everything in a neutral judgment, but we have the intention to understand, to contextualize. History is one thing, its political use another.
As for the past editions, the events will consist of lectures, conversations in the form of .interviews, meeting between two scholars, sometimes with the presence of a host. There will be also recitals and readings accompanied by music; projections and illustrations of the arguments discussed.
FestivalStoria, the brainchild of Angelo d'Orsi, is an international kermesse of public History, in which by mean of discussions, conversations, interviews, shows and concerts, the transmission of knowledge and the ability to entertainment are always characterized by a scrupulous scientific rigour.

All the FestivalStoria initiatives are free of charge, unless otherwise stated. Any variation will be reported on its website.
www.festivalstoria.org

Information and bookings
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Torino - Thursday, October 14th


Palazzo Lionello Venturi -Sala Lauree della Facoltà di Scienze Politiche - via Verdi 25

h 11.00

“Goodies” and “wicked” in popular literature
Lectio magistralis by Donald Sassoon
Angelo d'Orsi introduces
It is the goodies that define the wicked, be they as such for political reasons (communists, Nazis) or religious (Muslims) or simply because different (Chinese, Japanese). In doing so, they borrow form popular literature the big stereotypes of the wicked, the enemy. What makes a baddy what he is, it is not their actions, but the fact that these are unexplainable. When also the baddie can have his reasons, life gets complicated and we come out of the world of tales and simple Manicheism.
FestivalStoria opens its VI Edition with the Lectio Magistralis by a great British Historian.

Il Circolo dei Lettori
via Bogino 9

h 15.30

Presentation of the VI Edition of FestivalStoria, Greetings from the Authorities.
Opening address, Angelo d’Orsi
Conferring of the Award FestivalStoria (V Edizione) in collaboration with the ’Istituto Storico della Resistenza e della Società contemporanea in Provincia di Cuneo.
Livio Berardo e Angelo d’Orsi host
Lectio brevis by the Award winner
Musical intervals with violoncello performed by Eduardo Dell’Oglio
Organization curated by De Sono Associazione per la musica

h 17.30

Nero: the difficult job of being an Emperor
Lectures by Andrea Giardina
For centuries he has been considered a monster, condemned by pagan and Christian historians altogether, pictured as one of the most hated characters of world history: a cruel tyrant, with a mad streak. In recent times there have been lots of references to Nero in order to polemize with charismatic leaders. With Nero, the problem of the “consensus” of illiberal regimens emerges. There have been many attempts to rehabilitate him. One of the major experts in Roman history will try to unravel the situation, talking about deeds and misdeeds and showing us also the fragile and sometimes genial side of the man who interpreted in a new way the “job” of being an Emperor.

Torino - Friday, October 15


Il Circolo dei Lettori - via Bogino 9

ore 10.00

The ferocious Saladin
Lectures by José Enrique Ruiz-Domènec
It was in 1934 when in Italy a phenomenon exploded: the great hunt of the figurine of the very rare Ferocious Saladin, a competition sponsored by Buitoni-Perugina. Sala¯h-al-Dı¯n was a Kurdish leader and Sultan, among the greatest strategists of all times, whose name was always associated with that of a cruel and ruthless infidel who took possession of Jerusalem. “The great spirit untouched by God” as Dante wrote of him, was in reality a generous sovereign ho dreamed about a life of studies, but found himself to lead the Moors against the crusaders. Who was he then? A Spanish expert, specialized in the Mediterranean world, will help to answer the question.

h 16.00

Cleopatra, the last queen
Lectures by Paolo Moreno
Plutarch writes of her that: “It was a pleasure merely to hear the sound of her voice, with which, like an instrument of many strings, she could pass from one language to another”. Surely her strong ambition and good looks have guaranteed her a place in history, and she was probably the most famous among the sovereigns of Ancient Egypt, the last queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty. But who was really Cleopatra, this polyglot with a cosmopolitan culture, a strong personality and so proud that she preferred to commit suicide to avoid to be humiliated in front of Rome? A queen remembered by some with words of admiration for her courage and strength, while branded immoral and cunning by others. We shall try to solve her “mystery” with the help of a great archaeologist and art historian.

H 17.30

Myth and reality of Napoleon
Ernesto Ferrero talks to Luigi Mascilli Migliorini
“For the tranquility of the world, perhaps it would have been better if I had never been born”. The Napoleonic legend, created by Napoleon himself, lasted so long that it managed to reach us. The legend saw him as the embodiment of the best of France, the Hero that had saved the country from the fatal effects of the revolutionary anarchism, the builder of a new European order, a great bringer of modernisation. The Italian historian, Luigi Salvatorelli, demolished the myths, bearing in mind another politician who believed to be a Napoleon, Benito Mussolini. Salvatorelli stated that “Napoleonism and Ducism are tied up together by means of irrationalistic activism, the great true actor of the tragedy of 1900, which finds again its distant infancy in the first steps of the previous century”. A whimsical and cruel leader? A counter-revolutionary? Or a “progressive” Caesar? A literary man and an historian, very passionate about the Great Corsican, will discuss about it,

h 21.00

Spartacus, Rome's enemy
Lecture by Luciano Canfora
Organised in collaboration with Editori Laterza
He is the symbol of the will of the oppressed to break free. But many Roman writers have denied the historic role and the military skills of the rebellious gladiator, describing him as a slave, an escapee, a rogue, assassin and looter. They turned him into a symbol of public enemy, a subverter of the the pre-constituted order and intestine war. It suffices Cicero's attack to his rival Antonius in the Philippics:”Oh Spartcus! By what other name could I call you, since your vile deeds have made bearable even Catilina?”. We like to remember him with Marx's words, who, in a letter to Engels in 1861, writes: “Spartacus was really a great general (not a Garibaldi)”. Beyond all the controversies, the historian and classic philologist Luciano Canfora will outline his story through a detailed analysis of the classical sources.


Saluzzo - Friday, October 15


Multisala Italia - piazza Cavour

h 10.00

Books on trial: Controstoria dell'Unita' d'Italia. Fatti e Misfatti del Risorgimento, by Gigi Di Fiore (Rizzoli, 2007).
Realized by the students of the Giacomo Soleri, Liceo linguistico and sociopedagogico di Saluzzo.
Chair of the Tribunal is Paolo Granzotto. The book's author is the “defendant”.
Was the Risorgimento a good deal? Nowadays, the advantages of Unification are questioned from many parts, and moreover some would even like to get rid of it, giving way to new territorial structures. Could have we acted in a different way? This book by a journalist very passionate about History is put on trial by groups of demanding readers (the students) who will at the end pass a sentence.

Antico Palazzo Comunale - Salita al Castello

h 18.00

The taste of memory. In the world of Gina Lagorio by Cetta Berardo
The author will be present and Mario Banchio, director of the Corriere di Saluzzo will take also part..
Tasty bites of chocolates and bon bon.


Savigliano - Friday, October 15


Cinema Aurora - via Ghione 10

ore 9.30

Books on trial: Un paese troppo lungo, by Giorgio Ruffolo (Einaudi, 2009).
Realised by the students of the High Schools in Savigliano
Chair of the tribunal: Giorgio Dell’Arti. The author will be the “defendant”.
The big issues of the political life, especially related to national Unity - from different points f view – fill in the book of a great protagonist of the Italian public life. It will be put on trial by groups of students organized in Prosecution and Defense.
A journalist will lead the process.


Monforte d'Alba - Friday, October 15


Auditorium della Fondazione Bottari Lattes
- via Marconi 16

h 21.00

Mafia and State: war and resistance
Giancarlo Caselli talks about his booksi: Le due guerre. Perché l’Italia ha sconfitto il terrorismo e non la mafia, Melampo, 2009 e Di sana e robusta Costituzione, Add Editore, 2010
Ettore Boffano presents
Organised by Fondazione Bottari Lattes


Saluzzo - Saturday, October 16


La Castiglia - piazza Castello

h 10.00

Catherine de' Medici: great stateswoman or cruel woman?
Conversation between Marina Caffiero and Francesca Cantu'
Catherine was a woman of rare intelligence, strong-willed, of great culture and refined taste, as well as having a strong character and a laudable tenacity. She patiently bore the humiliations inflicted upon her by the French Court which despised her because of her origins. Her role in the massacre of French Protestants (St. Bartolomew's Day, 23-24 August 1572) made her a very controversial figure, although she has been revalued little by little by historians. ”But, please, what could a poor woman with four small children do, while two families, ours and the Guisa's,wanted to seize the crown? Was it not necessary that she played strange parts to cheat both of them in order to protect her children, who then reigned thanks to the wisdom of such a shrewd woman? I am surprised she didn't do worse things” (Henry IV of France). And how do we judge her nowadays in front of History? Two experts will guide us.

h16.00

Barbarossa. At the origin of the myths of the Lega Nord
Renato Bordone e Giancarlo Andenna. Giuseppe Sergi presents.
“They swore to it, I saw them in Pontida / gathered from the mountains and the plains”. Who knows if the author of these verses, Giovanni Berchet, would have ever imagined that two centuries after writing them, the Pontida's Oath would have become the mythological heritage of the less unitary party of modern Italy. Three medievalists will try to outline the figure of this giant of Hisotry: Friederick I emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, called Barbarossa (red beard), at times described as a genius, a revolutionary, a grat leader, at times a political transformist, a unscrupulous mediator, an implacable tyrant.

h 18.00

Stalin: a “black legend”?
Domenico Losurdo and Silvio Pons. Gian Mario Bravo presents.
Few political leaders like Iosif Vissarionovič Džugašili, better know as Stalin, president of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and secretary of the Central Committee of the SUCP have had such great attention. Bloody dictator and paranoid or uncompromising great statesman, capable of rebuilding a country devastated by years of tsarist rule? Hero of WW II and liberator of the working class or violent killer of dissidents, even those inside his own party to begin with? The “black legend” of Stalinism, who reached its acme after the XX Congress of the SUCP (1956) and the related process of de-stalinisation, has gathered momentum in the last few years, with opposite attempts of “rehabilitation”, or, at least, understanding, which have divided intellectuals and politicians.

h 21.00

La lunga calza verde
Short animated film by Roberto Gavioli, screenplay by Cesare Zavattini, 1960 (20'). Courtesy of Fondazione Micheletti di Brescia
Followed by
Francesca and the Hero. Garibaldi's third wife tells her story
with Patrizia Camatel, scenes by Francesco Fassone, dramaturgy and direction by Luciano Nattino
Production Casa degli alfieri
Francesca Armosino, Garibadli's third wife, was a direct witness of the Hero's last tormented years, from 1866 until his death, in 1882. Her story of Garibaldi's epic deeds is that of a humble nanny from Piedmont who became the wife of one of the most important characters not only of the Italian Risorgimento but of the world and European nineteenth century.


Savigliano - Saturday, October 16


Ex Convento di Santa Monica Università di Torino sede di Savigliano - via Garibaldi 6

h 9.30

Palmiro Togliatti: wa he or was he not “the Best”?
Lecture by Aldo Agosti
Leader of the most important Communist Party in the Western world from the Liberation until his death (1964), he is one of the most controversial characters in recent History. Smart statesman or “forked-foot devil” (as Alcide De Gasperi named him)? On Togliatti's duplicity many words have been spent. His major biographer will help to shed some light on it.

h 11.00

I quattro del Risorgimento (Mazzini, Garibaldi, Cavour e Vittorio Emanuele II)
Giuseppe Monsagrati talks to Jessica Kraatz Magri and Georges Saro
Were they heroes or villains the protagonist of the great epopee? Heroes according to historiography and for the Italians' public speeches, but villains for those that in those times opposed the Unitary revolt. And nowadays? How can we consider the Fours that “made Italy”?
Projection of La lunga calza verde, short animated film by Roberto Gavioli, screenplay by Cesare Zavattini, 1960 (20'). Courtesy of Fondazione Micheletti di Brescia

h 16.00

Martin Lutero, riformatore contestato
Massimo Firpo converses with Paolo Ricca
Inventor of modernity or diabolical enemy of the Church? Supporter of the supremacy of the individual conscience or advocate of a dangerous subjectivism? Reformist or heretic? His statements of “freedom of the Christian” was shattered in the repression of the rebellious peasants? Our guests will try to answer all these questions.

h 18.00

The argentinian couple: Evita and Juan Perón
Marco Bellingeri and Valeria Palumbo
Evita Duarte Perón used to state with great conviction: “El perónismo será revolucionario o no será nada!”. It has always been said that the actress was the real intermediate between the leader and the people: in a very short time she was in control of the Confederation of the workers and she was much loved. But would Peronism be different without her presence? Up to what point was Juan Domingo Perón influenced by Eva? A historian and a journalist will debate the passionate story of the discussed Argentinian couple.


Confraternita della Misericordia - Crosà Neira
- piazza Misericordia

h 21.00

Why we can't help calling ourselves Garibaldini
Lecture by Angelo d'Orsi
The disputes about Garibaldi are very famous and recurring, but, with all his political ingenuity, intellectual limits, military mistakes, Garibaldi has been a founding myth from a divided Italy to aunified Italy, from Europe to America and it still resists. The Festival's director submits to us a past and present journey between history and politics, between Garibaldi and “garibaldinismo”.
To be followed by
Garibaldi. Poema autobiografico
with David Riondino
General Garibaldi, wounded on the Aspromonte, as it is know thanks to a song also, had a long convalescence. What we don't know is that he used his immobility to write an autobiographical poem, in which he retells his deeds, from the wars in America to those in Europe, in loose hendecasyllable.


Saluzzo - Sunday October 17


La Castiglia - piazza Castello

h 10.00

Dolcino e Margherita, revolutionary heretics
Lecture by Marina Benedetti
In the XXVII canto of Dante's Inferno, in one of the numerous prophecies that Dante inserted in the poem, through Mohamed's words we learn: "Now say to Fra Dolcino, then, to arm him, / Thou, who perhaps wilt shortly see the sun, / If soon he wish not here to follow me, / |So with provisions, that no stress of snow / May give the victory to the Novarese, / Which otherwise to gain would not be easy." Dolcino, a friar of the thirteenth century, was a man of great appeal and, under his leadership, the “Apostolics” - which were inspired by the message of San Frances of Assisi – became a very important movement.
The Catholic Church considered him to be a very dangerous heretic and waged a crusade against him and his followers. Dolcino, Margherita, who shared his hopes and battles until her death, and the Apostolics, killed and burnt to the stake, have become symbols of freedom and emancipation. An historian will explain the tragic appeal of this extraordinary heretical movement, which undermined the constitution of power, not only religious but political and social as well, and his preacher.

h 11.00

Cavour, mon amour
with David Riondino
The private, and somehow secretive, story of a character who is in the memory of each and everyone of us is told. David Riondino talks about one of the brightest and most and analytical minds of nineteenth century Europe. A man as much as incorruptible outside as chaotic in his private life, very much inclined to sentimental mess.

h 16.15

Il pellegrino: un eroe senza tempo
Speaker Nilo Marocchino, author of the volume Il mio cammino. Dalla Camargue a Santiago di Compostela, foreword by Marco Piccat, Fusta Editore (Saluzzo)

h 17.15

Guardie e ladri
Giulio Ambroggio presents the book by Massimo Lunardelli, Guardie e ladri. L’unità d’Italia e la lotta al brigantaggio, 2010, Blu edizioni (Torino) .
The author will ibe present.

h 18.30

Alla corte di Mozart
Chamber music from the most famous quartets alternated by readings of letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Serena Aimo (flute), Alessandro Chiapello (violin), Simona Perotti (violas), Luca Panicciari (cello), Mario Riberi (narrator).
Show curated by Associazione Culturale Primiera Cinema Teatro


Savigliano - Sunday, October 17


Ex Convento di Santa Monica Università di Torino - sede di Savigliano - via Garibaldi 6

h 10.00

Attila, “the Scourge of God”?
Sergio Roda converse to Maria Cristina La Rocca
Flagellum Dei recite the sources. Bringer of death and destruction, his figure was often tied up to that of an
undisputed winner, who had bend a great empire, even though about to collapse. Synonym of destroyer for some, national hero for others. We will talk about the barbaric invasions and the creation of new nations, through the analysis of this very controversial character: looter, assassin, destroyer or fearless leader?

h 11.30

The thirteenth is Judas
Rosa Maria Parrinello and Marco Rizzi. Matteo Grosso hosts
Paintings, literary works theological treaties have many a time proposed the dilemma: who was Judas Iscariot and what was the real reason for his delation? But if instead of betraying he had obeyed to the desire of his Master? As a matter of fact the discovery of the Gospel of Judas in the Egyptian desert during th '70s is an historical event of the utmost importance. Among the interpreters there are those who have seen his figure as a traitor transforming into that of a best friend, the thirteenth, who takes the earthly Jesus towards his celestial abode, trying, by committing suicide, to restore his fidelity towards Jesus. In any case, if Judas was really a traitor is still a very heated debate: it will suffice to say that in recent times the National Geographic and The New York Times have clashed, both supporting different thesis on the basis of two different translation of the Gospel of Judas. We present to you the debate in scientific terms, to try to get near the truth.


Monforte d'Alba - Sunday, October 17


Auditorium della Fondazione Bottari Lattes - via Marconi 16

h 15.30

Ariberto d’Intimiano e l’eresia dei Catari: una strage degli innocenti
Marta Mangini conversa con Pilar Jiménez-Sanchez
Organized in collaboration with Fondazione Bottari Lattes
In the heart of the Langhe, in beautiful Monforte d'Alba two experts will discuss the heresy of the Cathars and the events that in 1028 in the city saw the archbishop to Ariberto d'Intimiano storm the castle, whose feudatories had embraced the Cathar ideology. The name of the prelate is not connected only with the killings of these innocent people, but he took an active role in the political events of the Regnum Italiae ad the Empire, and he is also remembered as a great patron.

h 17.00

Mafia: veri e falsi eroi
Alessandra Dino, Roberto Scarpinato. Testimony by Nicola Clemenza, founder of Consorzio di Tutela Valli Belicine. Ettore Boffano, journalist of La Repubblica, presents
Projection of images by the photographer Eloisa d'Orsi
Organized in collaboration with Fondazione Bottari Lattes
Sociologist Alessandra Dino and magistrate Roberto Scarpinato, of the anti-mafia pool of Palermo, will introduce us into the world of mafia and the judicial,cultural, social economical actions taken to fight against it. The figures of “heroes” of the mafia will be analyzed and those of the magistrates, real heroes who have paid with their lives, but at the same time heroic in their daily job conducted with very little means and a scandalous campaign of delegitimization, The meeting is enriched by the testimony of Nicola Clemenza, protagonist of the new fight against mafia, unknown hero of everyday life, who tries to help Sicily to rid itself of the cancer called mafia.



Saluzzo


From Monday 11th to Friday 15th October every morning
Workshops for schools

Castiglia
Guided tours by the name of Vicissitudes of Heroes and Villains: the Castiglia, from home of marquesses to prison. Characters, facts, stories in the local Archives. Workshop on how to consult an Archive, run by the Historical Archive of the city of Saluzzo.

Corso Italia
Creative event inside the project Italiae – 150 events for re-drawing Italy.


In the requesting schools:
Workshops by the Istituto Storico delle Resistenza and Societa' Contempornea in the Cuneo province (Michele Calandri, Pierluigi Garelli, Paolo Giaccone, Marco Ruzzi)
Using newspapers to study Contemporary History
Guide to the formation of a bibliography on the Resistance in the provinces. Using computers to study Contemporary History